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  Black Inventors and Inventions
 

Black Inventors and Inventions


The following African Americans are responsible for either inventing, or improving on the invention of, a wide variety of items. From Dr. Charles Drew to Garrett A. Morgan, the inventions of African Americans have played a large role in AMERICAN history.

Andrew Beard - Automatic Car Coupling Device (1897)

Henry Blair
-
Mechanical Seed Planter (1834)
- Mechanical Corn Harvester (1836)

C. B. Brooks - Street Sweeper (1896)

Mark Dean - Microcomputer system with bus control means for peripheral processing devices (1984)

Dr. Charles Drew - Established Blood Banks all over the world (1940)

W. Johnson - Egg Beater (1884)

Frederick Jones
- Refrigeration for transport trucks (1938)
- Refrigeration for railroad cars (1945)

J. L. Love - Pencil Sharpener (1897)

Elijah McCoy - Automatic Lubrication System for railroads and heavy machinery (1892)

Jan Matzeliger - Automatic Shoe Making Machine that revolutionized the making of shoes (1883)

Alexander Miles - Elevator (1888)

Garrett A. Morgan
-
Gas Mask that saved many lives during WWI (1914)
- Automatic Traffic Signal (1923)

Norbett Rillieux - Sugar Refining System that revolutionized the making of sugar (1846)

W. H. Sammons - Hot Comb (1920)

Lewis Temple - Toggle Harpoon (1848)

Dr. Daniel Hale Williams - First Open Heart Surgery (1893)

Granville Woods
-
Multiplex Telegraph system, allowing messages to be sent/received from moving trains (1887)
- Railway Air Brakes that provided the first safe method of stopping trains (1903)
- Steam-boiler/radiator (1884)
- Third Rail [subway] (1893)

J. T. White - Lemon Squeezer (1896)



 

Product                       Inventor                Date
=======                       ========                =====

air conditioning unit         Frederick M. Jones      July 12, 1949 
almanac                       Benjamin Banneker       Approx 1791
auto cut-off switch           Granville T. Woods      January 1, 1839
auto fishing devise           G. Cook                 May 30, 1899
automatic gear shift          Richard Spikes          February 28, 1932
baby buggy                    W.H. Richardson         June 18, 1899
bicycle frame                 L.R. Johnson            October 10, 1899
biscuit cutter                A.P. Ashbourne          November 30, 1875
blood plasma bag              Charles Drew            Approx. 1945
cellular phone                Henry T. Sampson        July 6, 1971
chamber commode               T. Elkins               January 3, 1897
clothes dryer                 G. T. Sampson           June 6, 1862
curtain rod                   S. R. Scratton          November 30, 1889
curtain rod support           William S. Grant        August 4, 1896
door knob                     O. Dorsey               December 10, 1878
door stop                     O. Dorsey               December 10, 1878
dust pan                      Lawrence P. Ray         August 3, 1897
egg beater                    Willie Johnson          February 5, 1884
electric lampbulb             Lewis Latimer           March 21, 1882
elevator                      Alexander Miles         October 11, 1867
eye protector                 P. Johnson              November 2, 1880
fire escape ladder            J. W. Winters           May 7, 1878
fire extinguisher             T. Marshall             October 26, 1872
folding bed                   L. C. Bailey            July 18, 1899
folding chair                 Brody & Surgwar         June 11, 1889
fountain pen                  W. B. Purvis            January 7, 1890
furniture caster              O. A. Fisher            1878
gas mask                      Garrett Morgan          October 13, 1914
golf tee                      T. Grant                December 12, 1899
guitar                        Robert F. Flemming, Jr. March 3, 1886
hair brush                    Lydia O. Newman         November 15, 18--
hand stamp                    Walter B. Purvis        February 27 1883
horse shoe                    J. Ricks                March 30, 1885
ice cream scooper             A. L. Cralle            February 2, 1897
improv. sugar making          Norbet Rillieux         December 10, 1846
insect-destroyer gun          A. C. Richard           February 28, 1899
ironing board                 Sarah Boone             December 30, 1887
key chain                     F. J. Loudin            January 9, 1894
lantern                       Michael C. Harvey       August 19, 1884
lawn mower                    L. A. Burr              May 19, 1889
lawn sprinkler                J. W. Smith             May 4, 1897
lemon squeezer                J. Thomas White         December 8, 1893
lock                          W. A. Martin            July 23, 18--
lubricating cup               Ellijah McCoy           November 15, 1895
lunch pail                    James Robinson          1887
mail box                      Paul L. Downing         October 27, 1891
mop                           Thomas W. Stewart       June 11, 1893
motor                         Frederick M. Jones      June 27, 1939
peanut butter                 George Washington Carver1896
pencil sharpener              J. L. Love              November 23, 1897
phone transmitter             Granville T. Woods      December 2, 1884
record player arm             Joseph Hunger Dickenson January 8, 1819
refrigerator                  J. Standard             June 14, 1891
riding saddles                W. D. Davis             October 6, 1895
rolling pin                   John W. Reed            1864
shampoo headrest              C. O. Bailiff           October 11, 1898
spark plug                    Edmond Berger           February 2, 1839
stethoscope                   Imhotep                 Ancient Egypt
stove                         T. A. Carrington        July 25, 1876
straightening comb            Madam C. J. Walker      Approx 1905
street sweeper                Charles B. Brooks       March 17, 1890
thermostat control            Frederick M. Jones      February 23, 1960
traffic light                 Garrett Morgan          November 20, 1923
tricycle                      M. A. Cherry            May 6, 1886
typewriter                    Burridge & Marshman     April 7, 1885
 
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